د. جاسر عودة
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MAQASID AL-SYARI’AH SEBAGAI SUMBER HUKUM ISLAM: Analisis Terhadap Pemikiran Jasser Auda

Abstract Jasser Auda adalah tokoh muda Islam yang berambisi mengembalikan kembali pemahaman ruh al-tasyri‘ seperti masa Sahabat Nabi Muhammad SAW sebagai metode istinbat hukum Islam lewat pintu yang disebutnya maqasid al-syari’ah, sebagai pelengkap dari konsep maqasid–nya al-Syatibi dan Ibn ‘Asyur. Dalam pandangan Auda, ada kesamaan antara ‘illat dan  maqasid, sebab ‘illat yang didefinisikan sebagai al-ma’na al-lazi syuri’a al-hukm li ajlih (sebuah makna yang karenanyalah suatu hukum itu disyariatkan) adalah sama dengan definisi maqasid. Belum lagi beberapa nama ‘illat, seperti al-sabab, al-amarah, al-da’i, al-ba’is, al-hamil, al-manat, al-dalil, al-muqtada, al-mujib dan al-mu’assir juga bisa menjadi alasan bahwa ada kesamaan antara ‘illat...

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(REFORMASI PEMAHAMAN TEORI MAQASID SYARIAH (ANALISIS PENDEKATAN SISTEM JASSER AUDAH)

ABSTRACT This paper attempts to offer reform ideas Jasser Auda thought related reforms theoretical understanding of maqᾱṣid sharia. The systems approach is done by Auda critize the theory of classical maqᾱṣid more likely to hierarchical and narrow mindset. The classical maqᾱṣid pressure a point more on protection and preservation. Whereas the new maqᾱṣid theory emphasizes development (construction, development) and rights (rights). Thus, Auda developed the concept of human development as the main target of maslahah (public interest). Auda offers the systems approach, namely: cognitive nature; interrelated; wholeness; openness; multi dimentionality and purposefulness. At the end of the discussion in this paper, the authors develop the idea of Jasser Auda by offering Sharia Maqᾱṣid concept in the context of Islamic Economics KEYWORDS Maqᾱṣid Syariah, sistem, multidimensi FULL TEXT REFORMASI PEMAHAMAN TEORI MAQASID SYARIAH (ANALISIS PENDEKATAN SISTEM JASSER AUDAH) REFERENCES Abdurrahman, Abdullah bin Muhammad bin, Tafsir Ibnu Katsir, Jakarta: Pustaka Imam Syafe’i, 2008. Ahmad Rafiki & Kalsom Abdul Wahab, Islamic Values and Principles in the Organization: A Review of Literature, Journal Asian Social Science, Vol. 10, No. 9; 2014. Auda, Jasser, Maqashid Al Shariah As Philosophy Of Islamic Law: A System Approach, London: The International Institute of Islamic Thought, 2007. ________, Maqᾱṣid Al-Shariah A Beginner’s Guide, London: The International Institute of Islamic Thought, 2008. ________, Maqashid Al Shariah: An Introductory Guide, London: The International Institute of Islamic Thought, 2008. ________, Membumikan...

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